It was a bright and cold winter day when I visited this place, the Bukchon Hanok Village, located right in the center of the Seoul downtown. It's not difficult to find this kind of heritage area when you come to Korea, especially in big cities like Seoul, Busan. The Korean people pay a lot of effort on promoting their culture to the world and this is an example of them preserving and developing the culture.
The village is structured with many small alleys between houses and the entire place is covered by thick walls protecting people inside from enemies and dangerous animals from the old days.
I guess this is a public space in the village where people gather together on some important events, such as thanksgiving, lunar new year. If you are lucky visiting Seoul on a festival season, you will see a remake of those events with people dressing up traditional clothes, Hanbok, playing traditional instruments, and singing Pansori (some sort of music).